Yurta – a House for a Nomad

Yurta – a House for a Nomad

In fact, there are nomads even in our days, and there are a lot of them. They roam the steppes of Asia and Mongolia, the highlands of Tibet, the tundra of America and Russia, graze cattle in the deserts of the Middle East and Africa. Nomadism is a whole layer of human culture, which still exists on our planet, but people know little about it.

The Mongolian cattle breeders are one of the largest remaining nomadic cultures in the world. For many centuries, the Mongols lived in the steppes and grazed cattle in meadows. Since the animals were in constant need of new pastures, the pastoralists were forced to move from one place to other several times a year.

Nomads are proud of their culture. They are characterized by a special mentality, a special perception of time and space, customs of hospitality, unpretentiousness, endurance, religious attitude to cattle because it is the main source of existence. In addition, it is considered prestigious to roam in today’s world – every boy dreams of becoming a cattle-breeder-nomad to feel like a ruler of the steppe.

At the same time, modern nomads have long been attached to the benefits of civilization. In Mongolia, almost every Yurt has a satellite dish, and there is a DVD, TV, and a generator inside. This is the apparently paradoxical nature of nomadic existence: to keep the covenants of ancestors and their traditions, to make sacrifices, to breed animals, to live in yurts, to wander along the routes, but at the same time to use modern achievements of technical progress.

The traditional dwelling of a nomad is a light Yurt, which is easily transported from place to place and is quickly assembled. It has served for a long time as a dwelling of nomadic peoples. Its carcass consists of wooden bars and poles, which are covered with felt, made of wool piled from the same material. On the top of the felt, there is tissue that protects it from rain and snow.

The door of the Yurt should always face South. This feature of the Yurt’s installation allowed nomads to determine the exact time. The sun’s ray, getting into the Yurt through the upper opening and sliding along the bars of the wall, during the daylight hours passed 29 time periods corresponding to the vertical poles of the Yurt frame.

If you want to abandon the outside world and enjoy communication with” wildlife”  the weekend in the Mongolian Yurt would be one of the most romantic and exotic adventures that you can imagine.

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